In 1940 a "White's Only" sign
not only kept Blacks out of rest rooms and restaurants it also
Nearly 1000 Black pilots received segregated training at Tuskegee, Alabama while over 10,000 Black maintenance personnel trained under similar conditions at Chanute field in Illinois. Over 550 trained as bomber pilots but the war ended before they were deployed overseas. The remaining 445 fighter pilots and their crews operated as segregated combat units in Europe, the Mediterranean and North Africa flying in raids such as Anzio Beach and the Ploesti Oilfields. With their aircraft tails painted bright red to identify themselves the “Red Tails” carried the hopes and dreams of their thirteen million African American countrymen into battle...